Educating Democracy:
State Standards to Ensure a Civic Core

By Paul Gagnon

Copyright 2003 Albert Shanker Institute

 

Front Matter

Foreword
By Sandra Feldman

Introduction: Why this study and why a civic core?
Why this study?
Why a common core in a diverse society?

Part One: How to educate democracy?
What should be in a civic core?
A civic core for the secondary grades: Vital topics
Identifying strong standards: Five criteria
General problems in state standards and frameworks
The place of world history
The balance between Western and non-Western studies
State standards compared: An overview
* Summary table of
findings for all states

Part Two: Reviews of individual state standards
Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Department of Defense, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas
, Kentucky, Louisiana,  Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada,
New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York,
North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas,
Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin,
Wyoming

Appendix A
One model of a civic core: Key topics and starting points

Appendix B
The civic core and the use of instructional time

Appendix C
State responses

Appendix D
Education for Democracy: A Statement of Principles

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