Educating Democracy:
State Standards to Ensure a Civic Core

By Paul Gagnon

Copyright 2003 Albert Shanker Institute


Front Matter

By Sandra Feldman

Introduction: Why this study and why a civic core?
Why this study?
Why a common core in a diverse society?

Part One: How to educate democracy?
What should be in a civic core?
A civic core for the secondary grades: Vital topics
Identifying strong standards: Five criteria
General problems in state standards and frameworks
The place of world history
The balance between Western and non-Western studies
State standards compared: An overview
* Summary table of
findings for all states

Part Two: Reviews of individual state standards
Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Department of Defense, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas
, Kentucky, Louisiana,  Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada,
New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York,
North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas,
Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin,

Appendix A
One model of a civic core: Key topics and starting points

Appendix B
The civic core and the use of instructional time

Appendix C
State responses

Appendix D
Education for Democracy: A Statement of Principles


All downloads are in Adobe Acrobat.


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